An Introduction of CNC Horizontal Lathe

CNC machinery plays a crucial part in the manufacturing world, and I won’t be lying if I say the manufacturing industry revolves around CNC machinery.

Over the years, CNC or Computer Numerical Control machines have taken the market single-handedly because they have reduced the manual workload tremendously.

So, let’s begin with what are lathe machines?

Somewhere around 1300 AD, a two-person lathe machine already existed which was created by theĀ Egyptians. Two major primary task got completed with it,

1. Turning off the woodworking piece manually by a rope.

2. Cutting wood in shape by the use of a sharp tool.

As civilization dawned upon us, the machine went through extensive changes. Due to the growth in technology the lathe machine also went through modifications in its traditional system.

The production of rotary motion is the most notable highlight of today’s lathe machines.

They are controlled by a computer with a menu- type interface, they are designed to use carbide tooling/processes, and it’s modern versions.

This is all about what is a lathe machine, so now let’s dig into what is it used for? And where are they used?

They are multi-skilled machines and which are resourceful for a wide range of industrial operations like Acrylic Spinning, Metal Spinning, Metalworking, Woodturning, Thermal Spraying, Pottery and a lot other.

The reason why lathe machines are so extensively used is that they are easy to set-up andĀ its operations are simple.

Automotive, electronic, sporting, manufacturing and firearm are a few industries where they are put to use.

Here are some significant examples of the same-

1. Bowls

2. Cue Sticks

3. Dining Table and Chair Legs

4. Musical Instruments

5. Baseball Bats

6. Cam-shafts

7. Crank-shafts

Even though it’s easy to operate it should be used strictly by professionals.

Now, there are two types of CNC Lathe machine-

Horizontal Lathe and Vertical Lathe

So, here we will extensively talk about CNC horizontal lathe, and its uses.

So, what’s a CNC horizontal lathe?

Wikipedia defines it as “A lathe tool rotates a workpiece about an axis of rotation which performs a variety of operations like cutting, sanding, deformation, drilling, facing and turning with the help of tools that are applied to the workpiece for the creation of an object with its symmetry about that axis.

Well, you must be wondering what parts are used in Horizontal Lathes?

Lathe might or might not have legs which help it to support itself while placed on the floor and levitate the lathe bed to the necessary height needed while working.

It might be small to fit on a workbench or table which is why it doesn’t need to stand on its own.

Almost all the lathes have a bed, that’s a horizontal beam which makes it sure that chips or filling of stones falls off smoothly.

There’s a lot of diversity available in horizontal lathes.

Some of the notable ones are –

  • Ornamental turning lathes
  • Woodworking lathes
  • Glass-working lathes
  • Duplicating lathes
  • Metalworking Lathes
  • Transcription, or recording, lathes

Woodworking lathes are the oldest in the game and are also addressed as turning lathes.

Evolution of the machines has been done in a very promising way.

Metal lathes are an excellent example of horizontal lathes they come in various shapes and size depending on what operations they perform. The drilling machines are a notable tool to which the horizontal lathes are combined.

Technology is getting smarter day by day. Therefore, CNC horizontal lathes are also getting smarter and growing fast, making work considerably easy.

Manufacturer and industrialist are contented to see the production time cutting down due to horizontal lathes.

One person is all that you need to set up and monitor the lathe. The operator is solely responsible for specific tasks for a given period of time.

Lately, CNC horizontal lathes have become more technologically advanced, which didn’t hamper the design.

Horizontal lathe machines or CNC machines, in general, are completely closed, for safety and health purposes.

Most of the horizontal lathes are automatic which requires little to no human involvement. The modern technology programming and automation has resulted in very few errors which increased the production percentage by 25%.

Horizontal lathes have advanced technology and don’t need a regular movement of its parts, or its location. Improvements like these have brought down the delay it used to take in the production.

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A Little Knowledge About Differential Pressure Sensor Before Buying It

Before discussing further about differential pressure sensors, it is better to understand what a pressure sensor is. In theory, pressure is an expression of the force exerted on a surface per unit area. A pressure sensor is a device that converts pressure into small electrical signals that are sent and displayed. The pressure sensor detects pressure and can determine the amount of pressure by measuring the electric charge. Usually, this tool is used to measure the pressure of liquids, air, and other gases. There are several pressure sensor devices that are often applied in the industrial sector; they are Gauge Pressure Sensors, Absolute Pressure Sensors, and Differential Pressure Sensors. The differential pressure sensor works by measuring two sensor differences (high and low) , the value of the pressure difference being the result of the Differential Sensor. It is usually used to measure the pressure level of a substance in a closed tube.

It is very important to understand some important points when choosing a differential pressure sensor. First of all you need to understand that a differential pressure sensor has the task of measuring the difference between two or more pressures level. You need accurate values as input to an industrial process feedback system. The value that appears on the sensor will be valuable data to ensure that the industrial process runs within the desired parameter range.

Thus, differential pressure sensors play an important role in every industrial process to avoid confusion about pressure ratings. The pressure rating describes the difference between pressure values such as gauge pressure or absolute pressure. Highly accurate pressure sensors are indispensable in pressure gauges to protect against extreme environments, such as in industrial of oil, gas and chemical applications; where in these areas the system will definitely experience vibration and corrosion.

Data sources from differential pressure sensors are useful for monitoring pressure in industrial piping systems. The measurement of differential pressure will be the basis for industrial measurements such as flow, altitude, density, viscosity, even for temperature measurement. Differential pressure is not affected by changes in fluid pressure, temperature pressure or other things such as environmental and weather influences. Good differential pressure sensors work by reading the differential pressure accurately, precise parameters, and various influencing factors and sending signals to represent the differential pressure displayed in other places such as the control room.

So, do you want to apply good pressure management to your industry? If yes, then you should use a Differential Pressure Sensor from Strainsense which can be used for various applications including filter blockage detection or HVAC.

Choosing the Best Pressure Sensor

While choosing the pressure sensor for your design, you have to look for some critical parameters, that are very important. Based on these parameters, you have to choose the available sensors. Of course, you have to look through the economical angle also.

These are the main parameters to look for –

Accuracy – First and foremost parameter is accuracy. What kind of accuracy you are looking for? Is your pressure very dynamic? Changing very fast? Or is the change slow? What is the rate of change? Do you have to continuously monitor the pressure and record the data or you have to measure it periodically? Based on your process, you have to decide, what kind of accuracy you are looking for. This will decide the type of sensors. Sensors are available with 0.5% accuracy to 0.1%, 0.25% and 0.05% accuracy. As the accuracy increases so as the prices.

Output – After you decide the accuracy, you have to look for the kind of output. These sensors come with Voltage and current output.

Sensors with voltage output, are generally used,where the sensors and measuring instrument or Data Acquisition system, both are near to each other. These sensors give out put in mV (millivolt-1000th of a volt) in the range of around 0 – 30 or 100 mv. Some sensors also have internal amplifier that offer output in the range of 0-5V or 0-10V. These kinds of sensors generally use strain gauges. The sensors with inbuilt amplifiers also provide internal zero and span adjustment facility. Though, because of these internal amplifiers, the frequency response is slow.

Sensors with current output are generally used when the distance between sensors and the measuring instrument or Data Acquisition system is more, like in big plants. As the output is in current form, they have high noise immunity. They also provide zero and span adjustment besides offering high frequency response.

Environment – The location of the sensors. This criteria is also very important in deciding the type of sensor. The operating environment will decide the mechanical structure of the sensor. If the sensor has to be used in harsh environment, it will have extra protection and because of these, it will cost more. While the sensors,which are used indoors,cost less.

Fitting – This is also an important factor. How you are going to fit the sensor? Does the sensor come with easy fitting couplings? Or you have to make a spatial mechanical arrangement for fitting? You have to consider all these factors before considering a particular type of pressure sensor which will fit into your design.